Thromb Haemost 2018; 118(02): 351-361
DOI: 10.1160/TH17-04-0302
Cellular Haemostasis and Platelets
Schattauer GmbH Stuttgart

Dimeric Glycoprotein VI Binds to Collagen but Not to Fibrin

Mariam Ebrahim
,
Janina Jamasbi
,
Kristin Adler
,
Remco T. A. Megens
,
Yacine M'Bengue
,
Xavier Blanchet
,
Kerstin Uhland
,
Martin Ungerer
,
Richard Brandl
,
Christian Weber
,
Natalie Elia
,
Reinhard Lorenz
,
Götz Münch
,
Wolfgang Siess
Further Information

Publication History

29 April 2017

17 September 2017

Publication Date:
29 January 2018 (online)

Abstract

Platelet glycoprotein VI (GPVI) acts as a decisive collagen receptor in atherothrombosis. Besides collagen, injured atherosclerotic plaques expose tissue factor (TF) that triggers fibrin formation. Two recent studies reported that platelet GPVI also functions as fibrin receptor, which would importantly widen the mode of action of GPVI-targeted antithrombotic drugs. We studied the binding of two GPVI fusion proteins to fibrin under static and arterial flow conditions. Fibrin was prepared from purified fibrinogen or generated more physiologically from endogenous fibrinogen by coagulating plasma with thrombin. Fibrin formation was also triggered by exposing TF-coated surfaces or human atherosclerotic plaque slices to arterially flowing blood. By binding studies and advanced optical imaging, we found that recombinant dimeric GPVI-Fc fusion proteins with Fc from either IgG1 (GPVI-Fc1) or IgG2 (GPVI-Fc2) bound to collagen fibres, but neither to fibrin prepared from purified fibrinogen obtained from three suppliers, nor to physiological fibrin formed by thrombin in plasma or triggered by exposing TF or atherosclerotic plaque slices to arterially flowing blood. Our findings do not support a role of dimeric platelet GPVI as receptor for fibrin. This is important for the understanding of plaque-triggered platelet thrombus formation and is clinically relevant for future GPVI-targeting therapies with recombinant GPVI-Fc and anti-GPVI antibodies.

Financial Support

The study was supported by grants from the Bayerische Forschungsstiftung (AZ 1145–14), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB1123/Z01 and B08) and the August-Lenz foundation.


The review process for this paper was fully handled by Gregory Y. H. Lip, Editor in Chief.