Semin Plast Surg 1998; 11(1): 1-22
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1080239

© 1998 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Midface Distraction

Steven R. Cohen
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 June 2008 (online)


McCarthy applied distraction osteogenesis to the human mandible and reported his results in 1992. Since then distraction has been utilized for gradual lengthening of the midface in children with syndromic craniosynostosis, cleft lip and palate, hemifacial microsomia, and midface hypoplasia from other causes. New devices, some of which are internal, have been developed that permit application throughout the craniofacial skeleton.