Minim Invasive Neurosurg 1999; 42(3): 113-117
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1053381
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Virtual Neuroendoscopy, a Comparative Magnetic Resonance and Anatomical Study

J. Burtscher1 , A. Dessl2 , H. Maurer4 , M. Seiwald1 , S. Felber3
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery
  • 2Department of Radiology
  • 3Department of Magnetic Resonance
  • 4Department of Anatomy, Univ. Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
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18. März 2008 (online)


We evaluated the usefulness and reliability of intraventricular Virtual neuroendoscopy based on a comparative anatomical study. Virtual intraventricular endoscopic images were calculated from 3D magnetic resonance images in five anatomic specimens. Contiguous 1.2 mm slices of the specimen heads were acquired at a 1.5 T MR scanner using a 3D-gradient echo sequence. The images were then transferred to an independent 3D-workstation (Sun Spark 20). After scanning the specimen heads, real endoscopy within the cerebral ventricles of these brains was performed with a standard rod lens system. Comparison between real and virtual endoscopic views of the intraventricular topography was based on the same anatomical reference and landmarks. Acquisition of MR data and Virtual image post-processing have been possible in all specimens. The virtual endoscopic images of the ventricles were comparable to the intraventricular views obtained by a standard rod lens system. Virtual intraventricular neuroendoscopy can be employed for planning and simulating neuroendoscopic procedures. It enables the neurosurgeon to simulate the endoscopic procedure within the cerebral ventricles on the basis of the patient's individual anatomy prior to surgery.