Ultrastructural Study on a Severe Infantile Sialidosis (β-Galactosidase - α-Neuraminidase Deficiency)
30 April 2008 (online)
This study was undertaken to elucidate ultrastructural changes in a severe infantile sialidosis. The materials examined in this study consisted of biopsied rectal mucosa and autopsied small intestine, liver and kidney. In the biopsy sample, axons contained a number of pleomorphic electron dense bodies, and numerous membrane-bound vacuoles were found in Schwann's cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, lymphocytes and plasma cells. In autopsy samples, neurons in Auerbach's myenteric plexus of the small intestine were filled with a number of membranous cytoplasmic bodies, pleomorphic dense bodies and vesicles containing dense materials. Hepatocytes in the liver, and glomerular and tubular epithelial cells in the kidney were also extended by a number of membrane-bound vacuoles. These ultrastructural changes in severe infantile sialidosis closely resemble those in GM1-gangliosidosis type 1.
Severe infantile sialidosis - Neuraminidase deficiency - Nephrosialidosis - Ultrastructure