Minim Invasive Neurosurg 1996; 39(4): 105-107
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1052227
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Interactive Image Directed Neurosurgery: Patient Registration Employing the Laitinen Stereo-Adapter

H. Hirschberg, O. J. Kirkeby
  • Department of Neurosurgery, Rikshospitalet, Oslo Norway
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Publication History

Publication Date:
18 March 2008 (online)


Fiducial markers visible on both imaging scans and the patient are a covient and accurate method to register the patients head in stereotactic space prceeding an interactive image directed neurosurgical procedure. We have been using the Laitinen non-invasive relocatable stero-adapter to carry the fidcucial markers both during the imaging and patient registration process. Since the adapter can be accurately remounted the surgical procedure can take place at any time interval after the imaging study. To compare registration accuracy studies were performed using a phantom carrying both surface fiducial markers and fiducial markers mounted on the stereo adapter. We have found that total system accuracy using either surface or adapter mounted markers and an optical tracking system is in the range of 3 - 5 mm and is acceptable for a broad range of neurosurgical applications.