Int J Sports Med 2008; 29(12): 952-958
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1038678
Physiology & Biochemistry

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

β-Alanine and the Hormonal Response to Exercise

J. Hoffman1 , N. A. Ratamess1 , R. Ross1 , J. Kang1 , J. Magrelli1 , K. Neese1 , A. D. Faigenbaum1 , J. A. Wise2
  • 1Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey, United States
  • 2Chief Science Officer, Natural Alternatives International, San Marcos, California, United States
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 17, 2008

Publication Date:
11 June 2008 (online)


The effect of 30 days of β-alanine supplementation (4.8 g per day) on resistance exercise performance and endocrine changes was examined in eight experienced resistance-trained men. An acute resistance exercise protocol consisting of 6 sets of 12 repetitions of the squat exercise at 70 % of one-repetition maximum (1-RM) with 1.5 minutes of rest between sets was performed before and after each supplemental period. Blood draws occurred at baseline (BL), immediate (IP), 15-minutes (15P) and 30-minutes (30P) postexercise for growth hormone, testosterone and cortisol concentrations. A 22 % (p < 0.05) difference in total number of repetitions performed at the end of 4 weeks of supplementation was seen between β-alanine (BA) and placebo (PL), and Δ mean power was greater in BA (98.4 ± 43.8 w) vs. PL (7.2 ± 29.6 w). Growth hormone concentrations were elevated from BL at IP and 15P for both groups, while cortisol concentrations were greater than BL at all time points for both BA and PL. No group differences were noted. No change from BL was seen in testosterone concentrations for either group. Results indicate that four weeks of β-alanine supplementation can significantly improve muscular endurance during resistance training in experienced resistance-trained athletes. However, these performance gains did not affect the acute endocrine response to the exercise stimulus.


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Dr. Jay Hoffman

The College of New Jersey
Health and Exercise Science

2000 Pennington Rd

Ewing, New Jersey 08628

United States

Phone: +1 60 97 71 30 34

Fax: + 1 60 96 37 51 53