Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 56(4): 221-225
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1038349
Original Thoracic

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Completion Pneumonectomy for Bronchiectasis: Morbidity, Mortality and Management

M. Sirmali1 , S. Karasu2 , S. Gezer3 , H. Türüt4 , G. Findik5 , G. Öz5 , K. Aydogdu5 , S. Kaya5 , A. I. Tastepe5 , N. Karaoglanoglu5
  • 1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Süleyman Demirel University Medical School, Isparta, Turkey
  • 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • 3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Sanliurfa State Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • 4Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kahramanmaras Sütçü Imam University Medical School, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
  • 5Department of Thoracic Surgery, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital for Chest Disease and Chest Surgery, Ankara, Turkey
Further Information

Publication History

received July 18, 2007

Publication Date:
15 May 2008 (online)

Abstract

Background: Completion pneumonectomy performed for benign causes is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We analyzed the patients who underwent completion pneumonectomy procedure for bronchiectasis, which constitutes a specific benign condition, together with the indications for surgery, the difficulties encountered during operations and the postoperative results. Methods: Records of all patients who underwent completion pneumonectomy for the diagnosis of brochiectasis between January 1991 and April 2006 at the thoracic surgery clinic of a training and research hospital specializing in chest diseases and chest surgery were retrospectively evaluated. The age and the gender of the patients, etiologic factors, symptoms, characteristics of the first operation, the time between the first operation and completion pneumonectomy, and postoperative follow-up are examined. Results: During the evaluation period of more than 15 years, 23 patients underwent completion pneumonectomy. The median age of these 23 patients was 28 (range: 9 - 53); 17 of the patients were male and 6 were female. The most common indication for surgery was recurrent lung infections (n = 15). The most common symptoms were cough (n = 21), expectoration (n = 19), and hemoptysis (n = 15). The mean time between the first operation and the completion pneumonectomy was 4.9 years (range: 5 months - 11 years). Left completion pneumonectomy was performed in 14 and right completion pneumonectomy was performed in 9 cases. The mean duration of hospital stay was 16.7 days (range: 12 - 42 days). The course after surgery was uneventful in all patients. The mortality rate was 0 % and morbidity was 43.5 %. Conclusion: Although completion pneumonectomy for benign causes is a high risk procedure, it can be performed in selected patients with an acceptable morbidity and mortality after an effective preoperative medical therapy for inflammation of the lungs and with careful dissection at the operation.

References

Dr. Suat Gezer

Department of Thoracic Surgery
Sanliurfa State Hospital

Sanliurfa Devlet Hastanesi. Esentepe mah.

63000 Sanliurfa

Turkey

Phone: + 90 41 43 13 12 20

Fax: + 90 41 43 13 19 28

Email: suatdr@hotmail.com