Int J Sports Med 1982; 03(1): 37-42
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1026060
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Selection of Talented Female Gymnasts, Aged 8 to 11, on the Basis of Motor Abilities with Special Reference to Balance: A Retrospective Study

A. L. Peltenburg, W. B. M. Erich, M. J. E. Bernink, I. A. Huisveid
  • Department of Physiology, State University Utrecht, The Netherlands
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14. März 2008 (online)


Our aim is to propose a selection procedure on the basis of motor abilities. Within this scope, we have particularly studied balance as one of the selection criteria for young female gymnasts. We have used the combination of two standardized tests: the beam-walking test and the stork-standing test.

Four groups of young females (aged 8 to 11 years) were tested. The results indicate that the talented group (n = 23, those participating in national training) has better balance in comparison to the control group (n = 37, gymnasts only participating at club level) and the average group (n = 32, girls not taking part in gymnastics). The results are independent of age, height, and weight, which justify the conclusion that balance is stabilized before the age of 8 years. The fourth group (n = 192) are girls who took part in the. selection procedure in 1979 and 1980. We divided this group in 1981 into a non-selected group (n = 121), a discharged, selected young talented group (n =42), a selected young talented group (n = 16), and an older talented group (n = 13). We discuss the results of these groups at the time of the selection procedure. The two talented groups show better results on the balance tests than the discharged, selected group and the non-selected group. There is no relationship to the results of the total selection test.

The results indicate that these tests can be used as one of the selection criteria within the selection procedure for young female gymnasts.