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Effects of Eight Weeks of Bicycle Ergometer Sprint Training on Human Muscle Buffer Capacity
14 March 2008 (online)
This investigation was undertaken to determine whether human skeletal muscle buffer capacity (BCm) is affected by training. Eight untrained males participated in 8 weeks of sprint training on bicycle ergometers. Muscle biopsy samples were taken from the vastus lateralis before and at several times following an incremental bicycle ergometer test (0 min, 5 min, 15 min). These subjects were tested before (PRE) and following (POST) the training period. Seven endurance-trained cyclists (ET) were also tested for the purpose of comparing the BCm of ET to that of PRE and POST. Biopsy samples were quick-frozen in liquid nitrogen and later analyzed for lactate concentration (HLam), homogenate pH (pHm), and creatine phosphate concentration. BCm was calculated from the change in HLam and pHm observed from rest to exhaustion and was expressed as mmol · kg-1 · pH-1 (Slykes). There was no significant difference in resting HLam or resting pHm among the groups. There was a significant difference in HLam at exhaustion between PRE (21.41 ± 1.65 mmol · kg-1), POST (25.61 ± 2.38 mmol · kg-1), and ET (11.16 ± 0.31 mmol · kg-1) but no significant difference in pHm at exhaustion between PRE (6.65 ± 0.03 pH units) and POST (6.69 ± 0.06 pH units). pHm at exhaustion for the ET group was significantly higher than the others at 6.91 ± 0.02 pH units. A significant difference between PRE and POST BCm was found (PRE: 44.68 ± 3.03 S1; POST: 61.04 ± 4.11 S1) while ET BCm (47.21 ± 7.26 S1) was not significantly different from PRE. These data indicate that muscle buffer capacity is increased with highly intense sprint training but provide no evidence to suggest that muscle buffer capacity is affected by endurance training.
Acid-base balance - buffer capacity - enzymes - exercise - lactic acid - muscle - pH