Horm Metab Res 1999; 31(6): 363-366
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-978755
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Decreased Plasma Leptin Levels in Lean and Obese Zucker Rats After Treatment with the Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Fluoxetine

S. Dryden, M. Brown, P. King, G. Williams
  • Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK
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Publication History



Publication Date:
20 April 2007 (online)

Leptin inhibits feeding, stimulates thermogenesis and decreases body weight. Serotonin reduces food intake when injected into the hypothalamus and may interact with other neurotransmitters in the control of appetite. We therefore investigated the effects of the serotonergic drug fluoxetine, which inhibits serotonin reuptake, on food intake and plasma leptin levels in lean and obese Zucker rats. Fluoxetine significantly reduced food intake in lean and obese rats, both acutely after a single injection (10 mg/kg) and during continuous subcutaneous infusion (10 mg/kg/day for 7 days). Plasma leptin levels were reduced after both 4 hours and 7 days of fluoxetine administration in lean and after 7 days in fatty rats (all p < 0.01). We have previously suggested that serotonin may decrease food intake by inhibiting neuropeptide Y neurones, and we further suggest that it also inhibits leptin, possibly by an effect on white adipose tissue.