© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
The Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor IBMX Suppresses TNF-α Expression in Human Adipocyte Precursor Cells: A Possible Explanation for its Adipogenic Effect
20 April 2007 (online)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) is known to inhibit fat cell development in vitro and to be expressed in adipose tissue suggesting that it may act as an auto-/paracrine regulator of adipose tissue mass in vivo. We demonstrate here that endogenous TNF-mRNA expression of cultured human preadipocytes and adipocytes is suppressed by the unspecific phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), which is frequently used to trigger the differentiation process. As assessed by the measurement of glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, IBMX stimulated the differentiation of human preadipocytes in a dose dependent manner up to threefold but remained ineffective when cells were simultaneously treated with 1 nM TNF. These results suggest that the adipogenic effect of IBMX is mediated by suppression of endogenous TNF production.
Preadipocytes - Primary Culture - Human Adipose Tissue - Adipose Differentiation - Glycerophosphate Dehydrogenase