Subscribe to RSS
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Exercise Doppler Echocardiography in Conjunction with Right Heart Catheterization for the Assessment of Mitral Stenosis
09 March 2007 (online)
Rationale: A new diagnostic approach is reported, which combines Doppler echocardiography and a thermodilution technique for the calculation of mitral valve area at rest and during exercise. This method was applied to determine the magnitude of mitral vaIve reserve (= exercise-induced increase of mitral vaIve area) and to assess the hemodynamic relevance of mitral stenosis. Methods: 69 patients with mitral stenosis were included in this study. A Swan-Ganz catheter was used to measure exercise hemodynamics and transvalvular flow by a thermodilution technique. The mean transmitral flow velocity vmean was determined by continuous wave Doppler. Measurements were performed simultaneously at rest and during stepwise bicycle ergormetry. Effective mitral valve area was calculated according to the continuity equation method (MVACE = Flow/vmean). Results: A significant exercise-induced increase of mitral valve area was found in the total group (rest → 25 W: 1.1 ± 0.3 → 1.3 ± 0.4 cm2, p < 0.001). Two subgroups were defined according to the presence or absence of mitral valve reserve: ΔMVA ≥ 20 %: group A (n = 30); ΔMVA < 20 %: group B (n = 39). Both groups did not differ with regard to mitral valve area at rest. However, the increase of cardiac output and stroke volume was significantly higher in group A than in group B. An effective mitral valve area at 25 W of less than 1.2 cm2 had an 80 % sensitivity and an 83 % specificity to detect a severe mitral stenosis. Conclusions: Because the presence and extent of mitral valve reserve cannot be predicted under resting conditions measurements under flow-in-creasing interventions are necessary. Our data demonstrate that exercise Doppler in conjunction with right-sided cardiac catheterization is most useful to determine mitral valve reserve and to assess the hemodynamic relevance of mitral stenosis.
Mitral stenosis - mitral valve area - mitral waive reserve - exercise Doppler - continuity equation method