Int J Sports Med 1996; 17: S157-S163
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972918
Physiology and Biochemistry

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Determinants of Morphologic Cardiac Adaptation in Elite Athletes: The Role of Athletic Training and Constitutional Factors

A. Pelliccia
  • Institute of Sports Science, Department of Medicine, Italian National Olympic Committee
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Publication History

Publication Date:
09 March 2007 (online)

Endurance sports lead to physiological enlargement of the heart and to an increase in wall thickness, depending on the kind of endurance sport and on the intensity and extent of training. The adaptation of the heart is modified by several factors. Antropometric parameters (height, body composition), sex and genetic traits are potential mechanism.