Int J Sports Med 1996; 17(5): 366-372
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972862

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

The Effects of Pre-Exercise Starch Ingestion on Endurance Performance

B. H. Goodpaster, D. L. Costill, W. J. Fink, T. A. Trappe, A. C. Jozsi, R. D. Starling, S. W. Trappe
  • Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, U.S.A.
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Publication History

Publication Date:
09 March 2007 (online)

This study compared the physiological responses and performance following the ingestion of a waxy starch (WS), resistant starch (RS), glucose (GL) and an artifially-sweetened placebo (PL) ingesed prior to exercise. Ten college-age, male competitive cyclists completed four experimental protocols consisting of a 30 min isokinetic, self-paced performance ride preceded by 90 min of constant load cycling at 66 % VO2max. Thirty min prior to exercise, they ingested 1 g · kg-1 body weight of GL, WS, RS, or PL. At rest, GL elicited greater (p < 0.05) serum glucose and insulin responses than all other trials. During exercise, however, serum glucose, insulin, blood C-peptide and glucagon responses were similar among trials. The mean total carbohydrate oxidation rates (CHOox) were higher (p < 0.05) during the GL, WS, and RS trials (2.59 ± 0.13, 2.49 ± 0.10, and 2.71 ± 0.15 g min-1, respectively) compared to PL (2.35 ± 0.12 g · min-1). Subjects were able to complete more work (p < 0.05) during the performance ride when they ingested CL (434 ± 25.2 kJ) or WS (428 ± 22.5 kJ) compared to PL (403 ± 35.1 kJ). They also tended to produce more work with RS ingestion (418 ± 31.4 kJ), although this did not reach statistical significance (p < 0.09). These results indicate that pre-exercise CHO ingestion in the form of starch or glucose maintained higher rates of total carbohydrate oxidation during exercise and provided an ergogenic benefit during self-paced cycling.