Int J Sports Med 1997; 18(7): 531-537
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972677
Training and Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Validity of Near-Infrared Interactance for Estimating Relative Body Fat in Female High School Gymnasts

D. B. Smith, G. O. Johnson, J. R. Stout, T. J. Housh, D. J. Housh, T. K. Evetovich
  • University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
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Publication History

Publication Date:
09 March 2007 (online)

The present investigation examined the validity of near-infrared interactance (NIR) estimates of relative body fat ( % fat) from the Futrex-5000 (F5000), Futrex-5000 A (F5000 A), and Fu-trex-1000 (F1000) instruments. Ninety-eight female high school gymnasts (X age ± SD = 15.7 ± 1.2 yr) participated in this investigation. Subsamples were used to cross-validate the F5000 (n = 52), F5000 A (n = 46), and F1000 (n = 89) instruments. The NIR % fat estimates were validated against criterion % fat from underwater weighing (UWW) using the adult conversion constants of Brozek et al. (6) (UWWB) and the female age-specific constants of Lohman (23) (UWWL). The cross-validation statistical analysis included examination of the constant error (CE), standard error of estimate (SEE), r, and total error (TE). In addition, full-model multiple regression analyses were used to predict UWWB or UWWL from body weight (BW) and height (HT). BW and HT were correlated with % fat at R = 0.65 - 0.70, while the validity coefficients for the NIR instruments ranged from r = 0.40 - 0.78. The F5000 resulted in nonsignificant CE values ( - 0.3 % fat vs UWWB and 1.5 % fat vs UWWL; p > 0.008) as well as the lowest TE values (TE = 3.1 % fat vs UWWB and 4.0 % fat vs UWWL). All other NIR estimates of % fat resulted in TE values ≥ 6.3 % fat. In addition, for all AIR instruments there were negative correlations for the plots of the ACE versus the mean of predicted and criterion (UWWB and UWWL) % fat. Therefore, the present findings indicated that the F5000 provided more accurate estimates of % fat than the F5000 A or F1000 instruments, but may underestimate the desired minimal body weight for female gymnasts at the low end of the % fat distribution.