Int J Sports Med 1997; 18(4): 242-246
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972627
Physiology and Biochemistry

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Resistance Training in the Treatment of Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

J. Eriksson1 , S. Taimela2 , K. Eriksson3 , S. Parviainen2 , J. Peltonen4 , U. Kujala4
  • 1National Public Health Institute, Helsinnki, Finland
  • 2David Fitness & Medical Ltd., Vantaa, Finland
  • 3Maria Hospital, Department of Radiology, Helsinki, Finland
  • 4Unit for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 March 2007 (online)

Aerobic endurance exercise has traditionally (been advocated in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). However, the effect of aerobic endurance exercise programs on long-term glycaemic control is small to moderate. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of circuit resistance training on long-term glycaemic control (HbA1c) and to examine the potential association between muscle size and glycaemic control in NIDDM subjects. Eight NIDDM subjects participated in a 3 month individualized progressive resistance training program (moderate intensity, high-volume) twice a week with measurements of HbA1c, lipids, blood pressuire, VO2max and thigh muscle cross-sectional area. There was a significant improvement in HbA1c (8.8 % - 8.2 %, p < 0.05). Muscle endurance increased by 32 ± 23 % (p < 0.05), and the cross-sectional area of m. vastus lateralis increased by 21 % (p < 0.001). There was a strong inverse correlation between HbA1c and muscle cross-sectional area (knee extensors) after the exercise period (r = - 0.73; p < 0.05). Circuit resistance training seems to be feasible in moderately obese, sedentary elderly NIDDM subjects and the inclusion of circuit resistance training in exencise training programs for NIDDM subjects should be considered.