Int J Sports Med 1997; 18(1): 40-46
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972593

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Caffeine vs Caffeine-Free Sports Drinks: Effects on Urine Production at Rest and During Prolonged Exercise

R. D. Wemple, D. R. Lamb, K. H. McKeever
  • Exercise Physiology Laboratory, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 March 2007 (online)

We compared the effects of caffeinated vs non-caffeinated carbohydrate electrolyte (CE) drinks on urine volume (UV), free water clearance (CH20), fractional excretion of water (FEH20), and osmolar excretion during 4 h of rest or 1 h rest followed by 3 h of cycling at 60 % V02max in six subjects. We also tested maximal performance at 85 % V02max following the 3-h exercise trials. Throughout the two resting trials and the two rest + exencise trials, subjects ingested CE (total volume = 35 ml/kg) without (PLAC) or with (CAFF) caffeine (25 mg/dl). Blood samples were collected, and body weight and UV were recorded every hour. Urine and blood were analyzed for osmolality and creatinine, and plasma catecholamine concentrations were determined. At rest, mean (± SE) UV between 60 min and 240 min was greater for CAFF (1843 ±166 ml) vs PLAC (1411 ±181 ml) (p<0.01); during exercise the difference in UV between CAFF (398 ± 32 ml) and PLAC (490 ± 57 ml) was not significant. Cycling performamce was unaffected by caffeine. Plasma catecholamine concentrations were not different between PLAC and CAFF but were greater during exercise than rest (p<0.01) and may have counteracted the diuretic effect of caffeine observed at rest. Thus, CAFF consumed in CE during moderate endurance exercise apparently does not compromise bodily hydration status.