© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
A Comparison of the Sport Stirrup, Malleoloc, and Swede-O Ankle Orthoses for the Foot-Ankle Kinematics of a Rapid Lateral Movement
09 March 2007 (online)
Little information exists about the efficacy of various brace designs to restrict inversion during lateral movements. The purpose of the study was to determine whether semi-rigid stirrup (AirCast Sport Stirrup), semi-rigid modified stirrup (Malleoloc), or a soft, sleeve design (Swede-O) brace varied in their abilities to restrict inversion without hindering plantar/dorsiflexion when a lateral cutting movement is performed compared to a no-brace condition (No-Br). Nineteen volunteers who had previously sprained their right ankles performed 10 sideward cutting trials/brace condition. Based on kimematic data, captured using high-speed cameras, none of the braces restricted inversion compared to the No-Br condition. Pllantar flexion was inhibited for all braces, and less dorsiflexion was exhibited for the Swede-O. For three participants, greater toe-in landings were observed for the Swede-O. Based on chi-square analyses, the participants rank of braces for stability and overall performance in decreasing order: Malleoloc, AirCast, Swede-O. It was concluded that the participants may have exhibited injury avoidance behavior during conditions perceived to be less stable, thereby reducing inversion when wearing no brace or the Swede-O brace. It also is tenable that the motion of the shoe was influenced by the presence of the braces, hence, no inversion restriction was observed.
Prophylaxis - ankle sprain - biomechanics - kinematics - ankle orthosis