Estimation of the Contribution of the Various Energy Systems During Maximal Work of Short Duration
14 March 2008 (online)
The aim of this experiment was to estimate the relative contribution of the various energy delivery systems during maximal exercise tests of short duration. Twenty-five males were submitted to a V̇O2max test and 10-, 30-, and 90-s maximal ergocycle tests. Expiratory gases were collected with a Douglas bag during the entire 30-s test and continuously monitored with an open-circuit system during the 90-s test. Estimates of the phosphagenic component represented approximately 55%-60% of the energy expenditure during the 10-s work performance. Results of the 30-s test indicated that the relative contributions of the energy systems were 23%, 49%, and 28% for the phosphagenic, glycolytic, and oxidative pathways, respectively. For the 90-s test, these estimates were 12%, 42%, and 46% for the three metabolic systems. The highest contribution of each system during the 90-s was obtained from 5 to 15 s for the phosphagenic component, from 16 to 30 s for the glycolytic, and from 61 to 75 s for the aerobic energy systems. During the 90-s test, V̇O2max was reached after approximately 60 s. It is concluded that the 30 and 90 s are not strictly anaerobic although they all have a large anaerobic component.