Int J Sports Med 1988; 09(6): 417-421
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1025043
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Effects of Continuous and Interval Training on the Parameters of the Power-Endurance Time Relationship for High-Intensity Exercise

G. A. Gaesser, L. A. Wilson
  • Department of Kinesiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90024-1568
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Publication History

Publication Date:
14 March 2008 (online)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6 weeks of low-intensity continuous exercise training (CE; 40 min at 50% V̇O2peak, 3 days/week) and high-intensity interval exercise training (IE: 10 × 2 min at V̇O2peak, 3 days/week) on the parameters of the power-endurance time relationship for cycle ergometry. The hyperbolic relationship between power and endurance time was linearized by expressing the power against the inverse of time, as described by Whipp et al. (22). This model consists of two parameters: Θf, a fatigue threshold reflecting the capability for sustained aerobic power, and W', a constant postulated to reflect a finite energy store (i. e., those factors comprising the O2 deficit: Phosphagen stores, anaerobic glycogenosis, myoglobin O2 stores). Prior to training, test-retest reliability coefficients (r2) for Θf and W' were 0.92 and 0.62, respectively (P < 0.01). Training resulted in significant (P < 0.01) increases in Θf for both CE [27±3 W (13,4%) increase] and IE [33±5 W (15.0%) increase], with no difference between groups. Increases in Θf were not dependent upon improvements in V̇O2peak. W was not changed significantly in either group after training. However, a significant negative correlation between the training-induced changes in Θ and W' (R = -0.76; P < 0.01) was obtained. The minimum intensity threshold for exercise training necessary to elicit increases in Θ has yet to be identified, but is at least as low as 50% of V̇O2peak.