Int J Sports Med 1989; 10(1): 25-29
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1024868
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Active Warming-up on Thermoregulatory, Circulatory, and Metabolic Responses to Incremental Exercise in Endurance-Trained Athletes*

J. Chwalbińska-Moneta, O. Hänninen
  • Department of Applied Physiology, Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland, and Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
* This work was partly supported by the Polish Central Programme of Basic Research 06-02.III.2.1.
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Publication Date:
14 March 2008 (online)


The influence of 10 min warming-up at 40% V̇O2max on thermal, circulatory, and metabolic responses to an incremental exercise to exhaustion as well as on the anaerobic threshold at the blood lactate level of 4 mmol·l-1 (AT) and the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) was investigated in eight cross-country skiers. During exercise preceded by warming-up, the mean skin temperature (T̄sk) and external auditory canal temperature (Tac) did not change significantly in contrast to exercise without warming-up, producing a rise in both T̄sk and Tac (by approx. 1.2 °C and 1.1 °C, respectively). Warming-up did not alter the course of the rectal temperature changes during exercise. With warming-up skin humidity rose immediately after the beginning of exercise, whereas the onset of sweating without warming-up appeared much later at higher work intensities. Warming-up did not change the circulatory and ventilatory responses to incremental exercise and the oxygen uptake (V̇O2) either at submaximal or maximal work loads. With warming-up a significant increase was found in the threshold work load both at the AT and the IAT. The data demonstrated that warming-up has an advantageous effect on the efficiency of thermoregulation in endurance-trained athletes producing an early sweating response to the incremental exercise that results in attenuation of hyperthermia. An increase in the anaerobic threshold during incremental exercise preceded by warming-up may indicate an enhancement of the endurance capacity subsequent to warming-up.