NMR Spectroscopy Study of Heart PhospholipidsAn Exercise and Anabolic Steroids Effect
14 March 2008 (online)
Because 31P NMR spectral analysis of phospholipid (PL) is an accurate and rapid technique for resolving the quantity of PL resonances and involving minimum chemical manipulations that may affect the integrity of the tissue (24-26), we studied the effect of anabolic steroid injection, exercise training, or a combination of both treatments on whole heart phospholipids using 31P NMR spectral analysis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups of 11 each: sedentary control (C), steroid-treated (ST), exercise-trained (E), and exercise plus steroid-treated (ES). The ST and ES rats were administered nandrolone decanoate by i. m. injection every 7-9 d during the 10 wk study, while the C and E rats were injected with glycerol. The exercise rats ran on a treadmill, wearing a collar weight for 50 min/day, 5 days/wk. There was a significant difference in body wt among the four groups at the conclusion of the study; however, no significant differences in heart wt or in the ratio of heart wt: body wt were observed among the four groups. Myocardial phospholipid profiles of the exercise-trained rats were significantly (p < 0.05) different from those of the untrained rats. The changes were enhanced somewhat by the steroid treatment. The profiles differed in the relative amounts of four of the nine myocardial phospholipids detected: phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), PE plasmalogen, and phosphatidylserine. We conclude that the observed changes in whole heart phospholipid compositions are due to experimental treatment specifically from exhaustive exercise and not from anabolic steroids or cardiac hypertrophy. The 31P NMR spectral analysis technique is a precise and useful procedure for the study of heart tissue PL.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance - nandrolone decanoate - phospholipids - exercise - strength training