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Effect of Training on the Calf Muscle Energy MetabolismA 31P-NMR Study on Four Elite Downhill Skiers Challenged with a Standardized Exercise Protocol
14 March 2008 (online)
This study evaluates the effects of a 6 months' training period on the bioenergetics of the calf muscle of elite athletes by means of phosphorus-31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (31P-NMR). Four downhill skiers, belonging to the Spanish National Team, performed a standardized exercise protocol using their right leg inside a wide-bore 2.35 Tesla magnet. The inorganic phosphate/phosphocreatine (Pi/PC) ratio and intracellular pH (pHi) were measured at steady-state during an exercise protocol composed of 5 work levels between 20% and 80% of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), before and after the training period. The measured values, which were markedly scattered at the beginning, regrouped after training. This was caused by a shift towards lower Pi/PC ratios and by a lower pHi acidification in three of the four subjects. This result suggests that 31P-NMR is a good tool to evaluate changes in the muscle aerobic capacity of athletes induced by training.
Energy metabolism - localized exercise - 31P-NMR spectroscopy - human skeletal muscle - training - oxidative capacity