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© Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart · New York
Can Insulin Antibodies of Diabetic Patients Distinguish Human Insulin from Porcine Insulin?
14 March 2008 (online)
We examined antisera from patients treated with bovineporcine mixture (hereafter referred to as bovine/porcine), porcine or human insulin, and compared their binding affinities to human insulin with those to porcine insulin. Patients treated with bovine/porcine insulin developed antisera with a higher affinity to porcine insulin compared with that to human insulin in five of nineteen cases. Furthermore, three of these five antisera had a comparable affinity to bovine and porcine insulin and appeared to recognize the amino acid residue at B-30. Treatment with porcine or human insulin, on the other hand, did not result in any significant difference in the affinity to porcine and human insulin in twenty-three patients. These results indicate the significant role of B-30 amino acid residue as an antigenic determinant, and suggest that the amino acid sequence of the A chain of bovine insulin may contribute to the development of antibody recognizing B-30 amino acid residue.
Insulin Antibodies - Antibody Specificity - Antigenic Determinants - Insulin