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© Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart · New York
The Erythrocyte Insulin Receptor Response to Insulin Induced Hypoglycaemia
14 March 2008 (online)
The response of the erythrocyte insulin receptor to a prolonged intravenous infusion of insulin has been measured in normal individuals during hypoglycaemia and when hypoglycaemia was prevented by the concurrent infusion of glucose. When euglycaemia was maintained, mean (± S.D.) specific insulin binding following the 5 hour insulin infusion was unchanged (6.9±2.1 to 6.65±2.2% bound per 2.25 × 109 erythrocytes). In the presence of mild hypoglycaemia, mean (±SD) specific insulin binding rose from 6.6±2.3 to 7.6±2.5% bound per 2.25 × 109 erythrocytes (P < 0.01), after 5 hours. This increase was due to increased receptor affinity. It was not correlated with the increase in the concentration of any individual counter-regulatory hormone. Initial insulin receptor binding correlated strongly with the subsequent decline in plasma glucose concentration (r = 0.9527; P < 0.01). Thus, acute hyperinsulinaemia, when associated with hypoglycaemia, does not result in downregulation of insulin receptors on erythrocytes but rather results in increased receptor binding. Consequently, the insulin receptor may not play an active role in protecting the individual against acute hypoglycaemia.
Insulin Receptor - Erythrocyte - Down-regulation - Counterregulation - Euglycaemia - Hypoglycaemia