© Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart · New York
Effect of Calorie Restriction on Skeletal Muscle and Liver Insulin Binding in Growing Rat
14 March 2008 (online)
The effect of specific calorie deprivation was studied in meal-fed growing rats. It resulted in a 50% decrease in growth rate. Blood glucose and most non-essential blood free amino acids levels were depressed. Postprandial plasma insulin was decreased. With insulin ranging from 0.01 to 100 nM, insulin binding to crude Triton X-100 solubilized membranes from liver was higher in calorie restricted rats when compared with control rats. Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) purified receptor preparations also exhibited higher insulin binding in liver from experimental group but the significance (P < 0.05) was only visible with low insulin levels; both basal and insulin-stimulated tyrosine-kinase activity were left unchanged. In contrast, whatever the skeletal muscle insulin receptor preparation (enriched plasma membranes, crude Triton X-100 solubilized or wheat-germ agglutinin purified extracts) insulin binding was similar in control and calorie-restricted rats.
Insulin Receptors - Skeletal Muscle - Liver - Calorie Restriction - Rat