© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Proanthocyanidins from Krameria triandra Root
24 January 2007 (online)
Oligomeric proanthocyanidins were isolated from rhatany root (Krameria triandra) and characterised by acid hydrolysis, thiolytic degradation, and spectroscopic methods. They consisted of 2-14 flavanol units with mainly 2,3-cis configuration and with a propelargonidin: procyanidin ratio of 65:35. The predominant interflavan linkage was [4,8]. [4,6]-Bonds were present in the higher oligomers, presumably forming branched chain units. The astringency of the drug was mainly due to proanthocyanidins with degrees of polymerization from 5-10, and these were also the astringent compounds of rhatany tea and tincture. A pharmacological screening of the extract revealed a significant antimicrobial effect.