© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Studies on the Genotoxic Properties of Essential Oils with Bacillus subtilis rec-Assay and Salmonella/Microsome Reversion Assay
05 January 2007 (online)
Genotoxic properties of essential oils from Anthemis nobilis L., Artemisia dracunculus L.,Salvia officinalis L, Salvia sclareaL., Satureja hortensis L., Satureja montana L., Thymus capitatus L., Thymus citriodorus Schreb., Thymus vulgaris L., Citrus bergamia Risso, were studied with Bacillus subtilis rec-assay and Salmonella/microsome reversion assay. The essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus L. “Piemontese” turned out to be active in the rec-assay but not in the Salmonella test. DNA-damaging activity was demonstrated to be due to the estragol component of the oil. Advantages of the combined use of these two short-term microbial assays in genotoxic studies are discussed.
Essential oil - Bacillus subtilis rec-assay - Salmonella/microsome reversion assay - DNA-damaging activity - microbial assays - genotoxicity