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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Neurotropic Action of the Hydroalcoholic Extract of Melissa officinalis in the Mouse
05 January 2007 (online)
A lyophilised hydroalcoholic extract of Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) has been evaluated for behavioral effects in mice. According to the traditional use of M. officinalis, sedative properties have been confirmed for low doses by the decrease of behavioral parameters measured in a non-familiar environment test (staircase test) and in a familiar environment test (two compartment test). With high doses, a peripheral analgesic activity was obtained by reducing the acetic acid-induced pain (writhing test); moreover, the plant extract induced the sleep in mice after treatment with an infrahypnotic dose of pentobarbital and potentialised the sleep induced by a hypnotic dose of pentobarbital.
Melissa officinalis L. - sedative properties - analgesic properties - sleep-induction - sleep-potentialisation due to pentobarbital - staircase test - hot-plate test - two compartment test - writhing test