© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Three Non-Phenolic Diarylheptanoids with Anti-Inflammatory Activity from Curcuma xanthorrhiza
04 January 2007 (online)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a hexane extract of the rhizomes of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. (Zingiberaceae) led to the isolation of three non-phenolic diarylheptanoids, identified mainly by high-field 1H-NMR as trans-trans-1,7-diphenyl-1,3-heptadien-4-one (alnustone), trans-1,7-diprienyl-1-hepten-5-ol, and trans,trans-1,7-diphenyl-1,3-heptadien-5-ol. The latter is reported for the first time as a plant constituent. Germacrone, curzerenone, and cinnamaldehyde were also isolated and identified. The three diarylheptanoids all exerted significant anti-inflammatory activity in the assay of carrageenin-induced hind paw edema in rats.
Curcuma xanthorrhiza - Zingiberaceae - medicinal plant - diarylheptanoids - NMR - anti-inflammatory activity