Planta Med 1997; 63(3): 270-272
DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-957672

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Composition and Antimalarial Activity in Vitro of the Essential Oil of Tetradenia riparia

William E. Campbell1 , David W. Gammon1 , Peter Smith2 , Meryl Abrahams2 , Tertia D. Purves2
  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa
  • 2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa
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Publication History



Publication Date:
04 January 2007 (online)


The essential oil from the leaves and stems of Tetradenia riparia was analysed by CC and GC/MS and 35 components were identified. The main constituents were α-terpineol (22.6%), fenchone (13.6%), β-fenchyl alcohol (10.7%), β-caryophyllene (7.9%), and perillyl alcohol (6.0%). Moderate anti-malarial activities were recorded against two strains of Plasmodium falciparum.