© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
The Influence of Vicia faba (Broad Bean) Seedlings on Urinary Sodium Excretion
04 January 2007 (online)
Dopamine (DA) is known to increase diuresis and natriuresis through its action on renal dopaminergic receptors. Augmentation of intra-renal DA concentration by enhancement of its in situ production is greatly dependent on the availability of its precursor L-DOPA to the sites of its renal decarboxylation. Vicia faba (Vf) is a ubiquitous plant rich in easily absorbable L-DOPA. Following ingestion of 40 g freshly chopped Vf containing 120-130 mg of L-DOPA, plasma L-DOPA and urinary sodium and DA excretion increased significantly. The DA/Cre ratio reached a maximum level (280 ± 58 µg/g) 60 minutes after Vf ingestion. This was significantly higher than the DA/Cre ratio after a control meal (1.8 ± 0.2 µ/g; P < 0.0005). The Na/Cre ratio reached the maximal level (2.85 ± 0.42 mmol/g) 90 minutes after Vf ingestion. This was significantly higher than the Na/Cre ratio after the control meal (1.4 ± 0.24 mmol/g; P < 0.005). We suggest that Vf might be of value in treating conditions such as hypertension, heart failure, renal failure, and liver cirrhosis in which natriuresis and diuresis are medically beneficial.
Natriuresis - L-DOPA - dopamine - broad beans - Vicia faba - Papilonaceae (Fabaceae)