Planta Med 1998; 64(8): 701-704
DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-957561
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Pentacyclic Oxindole Alkaloids from Uncaria tomentosa Induce Human Endothelial Cells to Release a Lymphocyte-Proliferation-Regulating Factor

Martin Wurm1 , Laco Kacani1 , Gerhard Laus2 , Klaus Keplinger2 , Manfred P. Dierich1
  • 1Institut für Hygiene, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck und Ludwig Boltzmann-Institut für AIDS-Forschung, Innsbruck, Austria
  • 2Immodal Pharmaka GmbH, Volders, Austria
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Publication History



Publication Date:
04 January 2007 (online)


In the present study we show that pentacyclic but not tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids from Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC. (Rubiaceae) induced EA.hy926 endothelial cells to release some yet to be determined factor(s) into the supernatant; this factor was shown to significantly enhance proliferation of normal human resting or weakly activated B and T lymphocytes. In contrast, proliferation of normal human lympho-blasts and of both the human lymphoblastoid B cell line Raji and the human lymphoblastoid T cell line Jurkat was inhibited significantly while cell viability was not affected. Tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids dose-dependently reduce the activity of pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids on human endothelial cells.