© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Niaziminin, a Thiocarbamate from the Leaves of Moringa oleifera, Holds a Strict Structural Requirement for Inhibition of Tumor-Promoter-Induced Epstein-Barr Virus Activation
04 January 2007 (online)
Three known thiocarbamate (TC)- and isothiocyanate (ITC)-related compounds have been isolated from the leaves of Moringa oleifera, a traditional herb in southeast Asia, as inhibitors of tumor promoter teleocidin B-4-induced Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activation in Raji cells. Interestingly, only niaziminin among 10 TCs including 8 synthetic ones showed considerable inhibition against EBV activation. The structure-activity relationships indicated that the presence of an acetoxy group at the 4′-position of niaziminin is important and indispensable for inhibition. On the other hand, among the ITC-related compounds, naturally occurring 4-[(4′-O-acetyl-α-L-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl]ITC and commercially available allyl- and benzyl-ITC significantly inhibited activation, suggesting that the isothiocyano group is a critical structural factor for activity.
Anti-tumor promoter - niaziminin - Epstein-Barr virus - thiocarbamate - isothiocyanate - Moringa oleifera - Moringaceae