© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York
Short-segment jejunal carcinoma mimicking multiple lesions of the small bowel at capsule endoscopy
23 July 2007 (online)
Wireless capsule endoscopy is the procedure of choice for the assessment of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin  . We describe a patient with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, in whom multiple lesions detected at capsule endoscopy were later found to be a single, short-segment neoplastic lesion.
A 54-year-old man presented with a history of several episodes of melena, occurring over the preceding year. Repeated radiological and endoscopic examinations were negative. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an exophytic mass (3 × 4cm) in the proximal jejunum. Capsule endoscopy (Figure ) and push enteroscopy revealed a jejunal stenosis. The surgical specimen is shown in Figure .
Figure 1 Capsule endoscopy images apparently showing several ulcerated stenotic areas at different locations in the intestine over a period of several hours.
Figure 2 Laparotomy revealed a 1-cm jejunal stenosis (short arrow), without any associated bowel dilatation, and a 3-cm-diameter mesenteric lymph node (long arrow). Histological examination revealed the tumor to be a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma.
The clinical picture in patients with small-bowel disease may be misleading, even after thorough evaluation, and pathological abnormalities are difficult to diagnose, even when several advanced diagnostic tools are employed. In this patient, both small-bowel enema and CT scans with bowel opacification failed to identify the stenosis, which, probably due to its short length, had not caused proximal bowel dilatation. The enlarged lymph node (visualized on CT as adhering to the gut wall) was thought to represent an extraluminal lesion.
Because the video capsule was probably pushed backward several times as a result of retrograde movement, the recorded images yielded a false impression of progression through multiple stenotic tracts, suggesting the presence of metachronous lesions , until it forced its way through and progressed distally.
However, the identification of the abnormality in the proximal jejunum allowed us to reach it by push enteroscopy, and to obtain tissue samples. Because primary adenocarcinoma of the small bowel may be amenable to surgical treatment, provided it is at an early stage disease, with minimal lymph node involvement , we feel that the approach we adopted may have greatly improved the chance of survival for this patient.
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G. Bassotti, M. D.
Clinica di Gastroenterologia ed Epatologia
Via Enrico Dal PozzoPadiglione W, 06100 Perugia, Italy