Semin Neurol 2005; 25(3): 252-261
DOI: 10.1055/s-2005-917662
Copyright © 2005 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Neuroparasitic Infections: Nematodes

M. D. Walker1 , J. R. Zunt1 , 2
  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington
  • 2Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 September 2005 (online)


Globalization has produced an increase in the number of people at risk for contracting parasitic infection. Central nervous system infection by nematodal parasites can be devastating. Early recognition and treatment of infection can significantly decrease morbidity of the parasitic infection, as well as the risk of secondary superinfection. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment for five of the more common nematodal infections of the nervous system-Angiostrongylus spp., Baylisacaris procyonis, Gnathostoma spinigerum, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Toxocara spp.-is reviewed.


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Joseph R ZuntM.D. M.P.H. 

Department of Neurology, Harborview Medical Center

Box 359775, 325 Ninth Avenue South

Seattle, WA 98104