Int J Sports Med 2006; 27(6): 463-467
DOI: 10.1055/s-2005-865818
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Kinematic Analysis of the Golf Swing in Men and Women Experienced Golfers

C. I. Egret1 , 2 , B. Nicolle1 , F. H. Dujardin3 , J. Weber3 , D. Chollet1
  • 1C.E.T.A.P.S. Laboratory, UPRES EA 3832, University of Rouen, Faculty of Sports Sciences, France
  • 2I.G.C. Society, Haras d'Estimeauville, Saint-Arnoult, France
  • 3G.R.H.A.L. Laboratory, Rouen University Hospital - Charles Nicolle, France
Further Information

Publication History

Accepted after revision: June 6, 2005

Publication Date:
30 August 2005 (online)


Golf has become an increasingly popular sport, which is enjoyed by both men and women. This paper addresses the question what differences may exist between men and women golfers. The purpose of this study is to analyze the kinematic pattern of the golf swing in both men and women experienced golfers. Seven male and five female golfers participated in the study. The measurements of kinematic data during swing were obtained with the optoelectronic system VICON™ (Oxford's Metrics™, Oxford, UK) with five cameras operating at 50 frames per second. Clubhead speed was measured using a radar system (Bell-Tronics, Ltd, Covington, USA). A Mann-Whitney test (p = 0.05) showed that the women seem to produce a wide swing with larger hip and shoulder joint rotation angles at the top of the backswing. Men flexed their left knee more during the backswing, this may promote a greater weight transfer to the right side. Nevertheless, these two kinematic patterns showed no significant differences in the clubhead speed. Men probably used their increased knee flexion to compensate for their muscular and articular suppleness which is less than that of the women. The results of this study show that there is a specific swing for women.


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Dr Claire Egret

University of Rouen
Faculty of Sports Sciences
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