Semin Plast Surg 2004; 18(3): 231-243
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-831910
Copyright © 2004 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001 USA.

The Short Scar Periareolar Inferior Pedicle Reduction (SPAIR) Mammaplasty

Dennis C. Hammond1
  • 1Center for Breast and Body Contouring, Grand Rapids, MI
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 August 2004 (online)

Although generally effective, the inverted T inferior pedicle breast reduction technique is associated with continuing concerns over cutaneous scar as well as shape distortion, which can to worsen over time. This article will outline a technique of breast reduction that is also based on an inferior pedicle but manages the skin envelope with a combined periareolar and vertical skin excision. By combining these elements, an effective method of breast reduction is created that reduces the amount of cutaneous scar by half and yet results in an improved and long-lasting breast shape that is stable over time. This method, called the “short scar periareolar inferior pedicle reduction” (or “SPAIR” mammaplasty) is applicable to a wide variety of breast problems ranging from simple ptosis to extremes of macromastia. Aesthetically pleasing results are consistently and reliably obtained with few complications. It is offered as an effective method of reduced scar breast reduction.


Dennis C Hammond, M.D. 

Center for Breast and Body Contouring

4070 Lake Drive, Suite 202, Grand Rapids, MI 49546