Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York
Microcephaly Associated with Abnormal Gyral Pattern
Received: May 25, 2004
Accepted after Revision: September 25, 2004
03 January 2005 (online)
Primary microcephaly is a heterogeneous group of cerebral malformations either with a relatively well-preserved or an abnormal gyral pattern. We describe the MRI findings and clinical features of 14 children with the combination of microcephaly and an abnormal gyral pattern. All children except one were Arabs and nine out of the 14 patients were born to consanguineous parents. Seven patients showed features of a simplified gyral pattern with relatively preserved posterior fossa structures. Two boys had a cortical malformation in the agyria-pachygyria spectrum; one of these two patients showed agenesis of the corpus callosum and severe cerebellar hypoplasia as well. The microcephaly was associated with polymicrogyria and leukoencephalopathy in two patients, with cortical dysplasia and hypogenesis of the corpus callosum in one patient, with agyria-pachygyria with callosal and pontocerebellar dysplasia in one patient, and a simplified gyral pattern with severe cerebellar hypoplasia in one case. One patient died in the neonatal period and three in infancy. All patients, who survived the neonatal period, had developmental delay, intellectual disability, and neurological deficits, and nine suffered from epilepsy.
Cerebral malformations - microcephaly - abnormal gyral pattern - cortical dysplasia