Int J Sports Med 2005; 26(4): 253-257
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-821009
Physiology & Biochemistry

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

The Aerobic Fitness (VO2 Peak) and α-Fibrinogen Genetic Polymorphism in Obese and Non-Obese Chinese Boys

Z.-H. He1 , L.-H. Ma2
  • 1China Institute of Sports Science, Beijing, PR China
  • 2Tianjin Institute of Physical Education, Tianjin, PR China
Further Information

Publication History

Accepted after revision: March 4, 2004

Publication Date:
10 September 2004 (eFirst)

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to compare the aerobic fitness (VO2 peak) between obese and non-obese boys at pre-puberty and examine the effect of body composition on VO2 peak in this cohort with reference to TaqI polymorphism at α-fibrinogen gene locus. Seventy-seven Chinese boys with similar lifestyle participated in the study. Among them, 47 were diagnosed as obese. VO2 peak was measured by a treadmill test and body composition was assessed via a combined anthropometrical and bioelectrical impedance analysis method. The α-fibrinogen genetic polymorphism was detected through PCR-based digestion with TaqI restriction enzyme. The results indicated that VO2 peak was significantly lower in obese boys compared with normal weight counterparts when the data were expressed either in conventional ratio unit (ml-1 · min-1 · lean body weight [LBW]-1) or in allometric unit (ml-1 · min-1 · body weight [BW]-2/3). LBW, fat mass (FM), and body fat content (BF %) all were correlated with VO2 peak, while LBW was the strongest predictor. The relationship between body composition and VO2 peak seemed quite comparable across different α-fibrinogen genotypes. Significant difference was observed between obese and non-obese boys in terms of the proportion of genotypes and frequency of alleles. T1T1 homozygotes had higher risk for obesity. We came to the conclusion that prepubertal obese boys exhibited impaired aerobic fitness compared with their normal weight peers. VO2 peak is closely related to LBW and independent of FM. This relationship remains constant irrespective of the TaqI α-fibrinogen genotypes that may be associated with fatness in boys.

References

Z.-H. He

China Institute of Sports Science

Beijing

PR China 100061

Phone: + 861087776790

Email: zihonghe@yahoo.com.cn