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The impact of reboxetine and citalopram on visually-evoked event-related potentials in depressed patients
In depression, the P3 latency of event-related potentials (ERP) is increased compared to healthy volunteers [1, 2, 3]. The P3 amplitude has been reported to be reduced  or unchanged . We were interested in the impact of different monoamine reuptake inhibitors on ERP. 36 inpatients with major depression were treated with either reboxetine (n=17) or citalopram (n=19) in a prospective randomized study. Before and after four weeks of treatment, visually-evoked ERP were investigated. P3 latency decreased significantly for the total sample (p=0.002) and for the reboxetine (p=0.022) and citalopram (p=0.028) group. P2 latency decreased significantly after treatment with reboxetine (p=0.044). These results show that, in depressed patients, the P3 latency, reflecting certain aspects of cognitive processing, is decreased by antidepressant treatment with citalopram and reboxetin. Further research on the effects of citalopram and reboxetine on ERP in humans is recommended to allow a better understanding of their antidepressant efficacy.
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3. Himani A, Tandon OP, Bhatia MS. A study of P300-event related evoked potential in the patients of major depression. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 1999; 43: 367–372