Planta Med 2003; 69(8): 773-775
DOI: 10.1055/s-2003-42783
Letter
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils from Zanthoxylum rhoifolium

Wellington de Abreu Gonzaga1 , Andréia Denise Weber1 , Sandro Rogério Giacomelli1 , Euclésio Simionatto1 , Ionara Irion Dalcol1 , Emilia Carolina Machado Dessoy1 , Ademir Farias Morel1
  • 1Departamento de Química, NPPN, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil
This work was supported by FAPERGS (Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Rio Grande do Sul), and CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico)
Further Information

Publication History

Received: December 11, 2002

Accepted: March 29, 2003

Publication Date:
06 October 2003 (online)

Abstract

The essential oils from the aerial parts of leaves, fruits and flowers of Zanthoxylum rhoifolium of Southern Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), were analysed by GC, GC/MS, and chiral phase gas chromatography (CPGC). Forty-eight compounds were identified from the essential oils. The major constituents of the essential oil of the leaves were germacrene D (34 %) and bicyclogermacrene (23 %) and of the fruits, menth-2-en-1-ol (46.2 %), β-myrcene (30.2 %), (-)-linalool (15 %) and (-)-α-terpineol (8.45 %). β-Myrcene (65 %) and menth-2-en-1-ol (5.4 %) dominate the essential oil of the flowers. The oils of the leaves and fruits were bioactive with antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive), and Klebsiella pneumoniae and Salmonella setubal bacteria (Gram negative) microorganisms, while the essential oil of the flowers was inactive.

References

Prof. Dr. Ademir Farias Morel

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

Departamento de Química

Camobi

Santa Maria RS

Brazil CEP: 97105-900

Email: afmorel@base.ufsm.br