Planta Med 2002; 68(11): 957-960
DOI: 10.1055/s-2002-35666
Original Paper
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Antioxidant, Free Radical Scavenging and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Aloesin Derivatives in Aloe vera

A. Yagi1 , A. Kabash1 , N. Okamura1 , H. Haraguchi2 , S. M. Moustafa3 , T. I. Khalifa4
  • 1Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuyama University, Gakuen-cho, Fukuyama, Japan
  • 2Faculty of Life Science and Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Fukuyama University, Gakuencho, Fukuyama, Japan
  • 3Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
  • 4Faculty of Pharmacy, El-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Further Information

Publication History

Received: February 8, 2002

Accepted: June 15, 2002

Publication Date:
26 November 2002 (online)


Antioxidant components in Aloe vera were examined for lipid peroxidation using rat liver microsomal and mitochondrial enzymes. Among the aloesin derivatives examined, isorabaichromone showed a potent antioxidative activity. The DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities were determined. As one of the most potent components, isorabaichromone together with feruloylaloesin and p-coumaroylaloesin showed potent DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities. Electron spin resonance (ESR) using the spin trapping method suggested that the potent superoxide anion scavenging activity of isorabaichromone may have been due to its caffeoyl group. As A. vera has long been used to promote wound healing, the inhibitory effects of aloesin derivatives for cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2 and thromboxane (Tx) A2 synthase were examined and the participation of p-coumaroyl and feruloyl ester groups in the aloesin skeleton was demonstrated. These findings may explain, at least in part, the wound healing effects of A.vera.


ADP:adenosine diphosphate

ASA:ascorbic acid

BHT:butylated hydroxytoluene

BSA:bovine serum albumin

DMPO:5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide


EDTA:edetic acid

HEPES:N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazine-N-2′-ethane-sulfonic acid

NADH:reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADPH:reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NBT:nitroblue tetrazolium


SOD:superoxide dismutase

TBA:thiobarbituric acid

TCA:trichloroacetic acid

XOD:xanthine oxidase


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Prof. Akira Yagi

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Fukuyama University

Fukuyama Hiroshima 729-0292 Japan


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