Semin intervent Radiol 2002; 19(2): 135-142
DOI: 10.1055/s-2002-32788
Copyright © 2002 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA. Tel.: +1(212) 584-4662

Animal Models for "Hands-on" Interventional Radiology Training

Kenneth C. Wright1 , Anders Lunderquist2
  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
  • 2Department of Radiology, University of Lund, Malmö, Sweden
Weitere Informationen


15. Juli 2002 (online)


The best method for a physician to acquire technical skills and experience with products for performance of percutaneous, image-guided, minimally invasive procedures is hands-on training on laboratory animals with simulated clinical problems. This article describes methods and materials that can be used to create models of reversible biliary and ureteral obstruction, biliary stones, vascular stenosis, and arterial thrombosis in pigs. Gross and radiographic appearances of model creation are included. Once created, these models can be used for training of selective vascular and nonvasculoar catheterization techniques, cholecystostomy, transhepatic cholangiography, gallstone retrieval, nephrostomy, angioplasy, stenting, and thrombolysis/thromboembolectomy.


  • 1 Lunderquist A, Wallace S, Enge I, Laerum F, Kolbenstvedt A N. The acquisition of skill in interventional radiology by supervised training on animal models: a three-year multicenter experience.  Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol . 1995;  18 209-211
  • 2 Dondelinger R F, Ghysels M P, Brisbois D. Relevant radiological anatomy of the pig as a training model in interventional radiology.  Eur Radiol . 1998;  8 1254-1273