© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Structural Features of an Immunostimulating and Antioxidant Acidic Polysaccharide from the Seeds of Cuscuta chinensis
March 16, 2001
August 4, 2001
25 March 2002 (online)
Three crude polysaccharide fractions, named CS-A, CS-B and CS-C, were prepared from the seeds of Cuscuta chinensis by hot water extraction and diluted alkali extraction subsequently, then EtOH precipitation, and tested for lymphocyte proliferation activity. CS-A showed a stimulating effect on concanavalin A or lipopolysaccharide induced mitogenic activity of lymphocytes. An acidic polysaccharide (CS-A-3β) was purified from CS-A by anion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The polysaccharide showed potent stimulating effects on lymphocyte proliferation and antibody production, but did not significantly influence the serum IgG level. Its structural features were elucidated by methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, 1D and 2D NMR and ESI-mass spectroscopy. The data obtained indicated that CS-A-3β had a backbone consisting of α-D-1,4-linked GalpA residues and β-L-1,2-linked Rhap residues with branches at C-4 of Rhap residues and C-3 of GalpA residues, composed of arabinogalactan and glucobiose. This structure is typical for a pectic polysaccharide of the rhamnogalacturonan type. In addition, the effect of CS-A, CS-B, CS-C and CS-A-3β on hydrogen peroxide induced cell lesion in rat pheochromocytoma line PC 12 was investigated. The results indicated that, besides its immunostimulating activity, CS-A-3β had a protective effect against free radical-induced cell toxicity.
Cuscuta chinensis - Convolvulaceae - acidic polysaccharide - lymphocyte proliferation - antibody production - free radical - PC12 cell