Semin Speech Lang 2001; 22(4): 305-316
DOI: 10.1055/s-2001-17428
Copyright © 2001 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA. Tel.: +1(212) 584-4662

Indirect Interventions to Facilitate Communication in Alzheimer's Disease

Tammy Hopper
  • National Center for Neurogenic Communication Disorders, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 September 2001 (online)


Indirect interventions are designed to maximize the functioning of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) through training of caregivers, modifying the physical environment, and developing therapeutic routines and activities. In this article, characteristics of AD caregivers are described, caregiver communication strategies are discussed, and examples of caregiver communication training programs are provided. Environmental modifications and routines and activities to improve communication are detailed.


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