Semin Neurol 2000; Volume 20(Number 03): 277-292
DOI: 10.1055/s-2000-9427
Copyright © 2000 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA. Tel.: +1(212) 584-4662

Viral Meningitis

Harley A. Rotbart
  • Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 December 2000 (online)


Enteroviruses account for 85 to 95% of all cases of aseptic meningitis, but the arboviruses and herpes simplex virus are also important etiologic agents. Mumps, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, herpes zoster, human herpesvirus type 6, and influenza viruses are rare causes of meningitis. The virology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic studies, and established and potential antiviral therapies for viral meningitis are discussed. A differential diagnosis of the aseptic meningitis syndrome is provided.