Int J Sports Med 1999; 20(3): 192-197
DOI: 10.1055/s-1999-970288
Training and Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Comparison of Treadmill and Cycle Ergometer Measurements of Force-Velocity Relationships and Power Output

A. Jaskólska1 , P. Goossens2 , B. Veenstra2 , A. Jaskólski1 , J. S. Skinner3
  • 1Zaklad Fizjologii, AWF, Gorzow, Poland
  • 2Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Department of Exercise Physiology and Biophysics, Vrije University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 3Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 August 2007 (online)

Since body balance and weight-bearing factors present while running on the treadmill might cause additional muscle recruitment and thus could influence the force-velocity relationship and power, the present study was undertaken to find out whether the F-V and F-P relationships measured while running on the treadmill are different from the respective indices measured during cycling. On two separate occasions, 32 male subjects were tested using a series of 5 sec, all-out sprints against different braking forces on the Cymrol Sprint treadmill and on the Monark ergometer. The maximal peak power (PPmax) and maximal mean power (MPmax) were measured. The equation: EP = 0.5 maximal force (Fo) x 0.5 maximal velocity (Vo) was used to calculate the estimated values of peak power (EPP) and mean power (EMP). The F-V relationship was linear in both cycle ergometer and treadmill measurements. PPmax, MPmax, EPP, and EMP values on the treadmill were lower than the respective values on the ergometer. EPP on the ergometer and on the treadmill, as well as EMP values on the ergometer, were slightly higher than the corresponding measured values of PPmax and MPmax. The levels of braking force at which PP, MP, PPmax, and MPmax were obtained were lower on the ergometer than on the treadmill. High correlation coefficients were found between PPmax, MPmax, EPP, and EMP measured on the ergometer and on the treadmill (r = 0.86, r = 0.84, r = 0.71, r = 0.78, respectively, P<0.01). In both tests, significant relationships between PPmax, MPmax, EPP, and EMP were observed. It is concluded that independent of the type of ergometry the force-velocity relationship is similar in the measured range of velocities which suggests that the number of muscle groups and joints engaged in movement are more important than body balance and weight-bearing factors present while running on a treadmill.