CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences 2024; 16(02): 029-037
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1777825
Review Article

Overview of Tendinopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy, Aortic Aneurysm, and Hypoglycemia Caused by Fluoroquinolones

1   Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
Naina Mohamed Pakkir Maideen
2   Pharmacy, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Harikrishnan Narayanaswamy
3   Faculty of Pharmacy, Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute (Deemed to be University), A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital Campus, Velappanchavadi, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding and Sponsorship No author received funds for the preparation of this manuscript.


Background Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are widely used in the management of several bacterial infections including urinary tract infections (UTIs), upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), skin and soft tissue, gastrointestinal tract infections (GITIs), and many other infections.

Objective This review article focuses on some serious side effects notified by United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) in different warning statements.

Methods The literature was searched, in databases such as Medline/PubMed/PMC, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Ebsco, Scopus, Web of science, Embase, and reference lists to identify publications relevant to the serious side effects associated with the use of FQs.

Results Several epidemiological studies and meta-analyses have documented the occurrence of serious side effects of FQs including tendinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, aortic aneurysm/dissection, hypoglycemia, QT prolongation, retinal detachment, and worsening of myasthenia gravis.

Conclusion The clinicians should be aware of serious side effects of FQs. The US FDA and European Medicines Agency recommend against the use of FQs as first-line therapies to treat infections such as acute sinusitis, acute bronchitis, and uncomplicated UTIs, as the risks outweigh the benefits. The risk of incidence of serious side effects of FQs is higher among patients with advanced age, renal insufficiency, and certain concomitant medications. To avoid occurrence of any serious side effects of FQs, the clinicians should prefer non-FQ antibacterial drugs to manage uncomplicated UTIs, respiratory tract infections, and other infections for which alternatives available.

Authors' Contributions

R.B. contributed substantially to conception and design and acquisition of data; N.M.P.M. helped in conception and design, data analysis, and interpretation of data; H.N. drafted the article and revised it critically for important contents.

Compliance with Ethical Principles

No ethical approval is required for review articles.

Publication History

Article published online:
27 March 2024

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