CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Sleep Sci 2024; 17(01): e99-e105
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1777812
Short Communication

Dietary Inflammatory Index of Obese Individuals with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Descriptive Study

Bianca Aparecida de Sousa
1   Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, MG, Brazil
2   Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Amália Almeida Bastos
2   Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
2   Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Rita de Cássia de Aquino
3   Universidade São Judas Tadeu, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Marcus Vinícius dos Santos Quaresma
4   Department of Nutrition, Centro Universitário São Camilo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Sergio Tufik
5   Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
6   Sleep Institute, Associação Fundo Incentivo à Pesquisa (AFIP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Marco Túlio De-Mello
7   Department of Sports, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
Camila Maria de Melo
1   Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, MG, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Funding The authors declare that the present study was funded by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPq; grant number: 422665/2018-5) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo – Fapesp; grant number: 2012/09700-2).


The objective of the present study was to describe the dietary inflammatory profile and its correlations with sleep parameters of obese individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Forty individuals underwent nocturnal polysomnography, anthropometric measurements, body composition by plethysmography, assessment of food consumption by three-day food records, and blood collection for the lipid, glycemic and hormonal profile. Food consumption data were evaluated semiquantitatively, quantitalively assessment, and calculation of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) was perfomed. The results demonstrated a predominantly proinflammatory dietary profile. The participants showed a low intake of fruit and vegetables. Additionally, a low consumption of fiber, magnesium, vitamin D, and vitamin E was observed, although there was an adequate distribution of macronutrients. In conclusion, although the inflammatory profile did not correlate with OSA, the study showed a directly proportional relationship between adequate dietary patterns and better sleep quality.

Publication History

Received: 20 April 2023

Accepted: 04 August 2023

Article published online:
29 February 2024

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